Producing Biodiesel and Optimized by Taguchi Design against Palm Oil as Sustainable Alternative Fuels in Bangladesh

Abhishek Samanta, Sourav Goswami, Prokash C. Roy


In food and cosmetics industries palm oil is considered as main element though it is treated unhealthy to human body. However, in case of energy industries palm oil has been realized as sustainable alternative feedstock recourses for biodiesel which can balance energy scarcity while conserving essential ecosystems with biodiversity. This present study illustrates formation of small batch (10-25 liters/batch) biodiesel in the laboratory against oil based palm. An orthogonal approach with L9 Taguchi was selected to find out the transesterification optimization parameters involve reaction time, methanol to oil ratio, reaction temperature and Catalyst concentration. The production process of biodiesel was performed by varying different conditions being methanol to palm oil molar ratio (M/O) and the wall warmth. The maximum yield was settled to be 86% by using M/O value 6 and wall warmth 55°C by experimental approach. Properties of biodiesel were tested, namely density, flash point, kinematic viscosity and calorific value. The density was found to be 898 kg/m³, flash point 179.33°C, kinematic viscosity 4.98 mm²/s and the calorific value was found to be 37.06 MJ/kg. These values are very relative to the standard values of biodiesel composed from oil based palm.


biodiesel production; palm oil biodiesel; POME; sustainability; Taguchi method

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