Feasibility of Geoscience to Determine the Location of Micro-hydro Power Potential for Rural Areas

Stevanus Nalendra Jati, Samuel R.O. Manik, Dewi Puspita Sari, Dendy Adanta


The micro-hydro power plant (MHPP) is a viable solution to the electricity crisis in rural areas. However, the lack of application is due to the constraints of the location review, which is expensive and time-consuming. To increase the efficiency of its application, it is necessary to ascertain the methods of reducing the costs and times. The feasibility of an analytical hierarchy process (AHP) based on the geographical information systems (GIS) to determine the ideal location of micro-hydro power was proposed. Based on the geoscience approach, surface mapping (lithology) and GIS (morphology, morphometric, and topography) visualize case study areas accurately and precisely to accurately determine the ideal areas. The ideal area is one containing a good potential head and hard rock plain (granodiorite). The ideal area is to be determined through field observations. According to these observations, the potential head was 4 m, the discharge was 0.83 m3/s, and the field contained a plain type of granodiorite. The estimated hydropower of 32.15 kW (micro-scale), has the potential to supply electricity to 35 households with 50% efficiency and power of 0.45 kW/house. In consideration of energy losses and investment costs, the propeller turbines were proposed for this case. Thus, the AHP method based on GIS to determine the ideal locations of micro-hydro power in rural areas can be utilized.


geographical information system; lithology; micro-hydro; morphometry; rural areas topography

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